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سفارة جمهورية السودان - برلين - ألمانيا 

Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan

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Ismail al-Azhari

Ismail Al-Azhari, 20 october 1900 – 26 august 1969, was a Sudanese nationalist and political figure. He served as the Prime Minister of Sudan between 1954 and 1956 and as President of Sudan from 1964 until he was overthrown by Gaafar Nimeiry in 1969. Al-Azhari was born in Omdurman. He studied at Gordon Memorial College in Khartoum, today Khartoum University, and graduated in mathematics at ...

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Abdallah Khalil

Sayed Abdallah Khalil ( 1892 - 1970) was a prominent Sudanese politician who served as the second Prime Minster of Sudan. Khalil served in the Egyptian Army from 1910 to 1924, and the Sudan Defense Force from 1925 until 1944. He was the first Sudanese to reach the rank of Brigadier. In 1945 Khalil helped found the Umma Party, and became the partys first ...

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Ibrahim Abboud

El Ferik Ibrahim Abboud (26 October 1900 – 8 September 1983) was born near the old port city of Suakin on the Red Sea and was a Sudanese president, general, and political figure. A career soldier, Abboud served in World War II in Egypt and Iraq. In 1949, Abboud became the deputy Commander in Chief of the Sudanese military. Upon independence, Abboud became the ...

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Sirr Al-Khatim Al-Khalifa

Sirr Al-Khatim Al-Khalifa Al-Hassan (1 January 1919 – 18 February 2006) was a Sudanese politician, ambassador and an elite educator. Famous for his great legacy in education in Sudan, and as the Prime Minister in the October Regime. In 1937 he graduated from Gordon Memorial College studying Teachers Education. Al-Khalifa became a teacher at ...

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Muhammad Ahmad Mahgoub

Muhammad Ahmad Mahgoub (17 May 1908 – 1976) was a foreign minister, then Prime Minister, of Sudan and an important writer who has published several volumes of poetry in Arabic. Mahgoub graduated from engineering school in 1929 and in 1938 he obtained Bachelor in law from the Gordon Memorial College. He was elected to the Parliament in 1946. Mahgoub was ...

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Sadiq al-Mahdi

Sadiq Al-Mahdi (25 December 1935) is a Sudanese political and religious figure who was Prime Minister of Sudan from 1966 to 1967 and again from 1986 to 1989. He is head of the National Umma Party and Imam of the Ansar, a sufi sect that pledges allegiance to Muhammad Ahmad Al-Mahdi. In 1986, Sadiq formed a coalition government comprising the Umma Party ...

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Babiker Awadalla

Babiker Awadalla (born 2 March 1917) is a Sudanese Arab nationalist politician. Awadalla graduated from the Gordon Memorial College law school. He held the position of Speaker of the Parliament from 1954 to 1957, and became Chief Judge in 1964. He held different political positions in Gaafar Nimeiry's military cabinet: Prime Minister from 25 May 1969 to 27 October 1969 and Foreign Minister ...

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Gaafar Nimeiry

Gaafar Muhammad an-Nimeiry (1 January 1930 – 30 May 2009) was the President of Sudan from 1969 to 1985. He studied at the Hantoub School, a British style secondary boarding school for the elite. In 1952 Nimeiry graduated from the Sudan Military College and in 1966, Nimeiry graduated from the United States Army Command College in Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, USA In 1969 ...

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Dr. Al-Jazuli Daf'allah

Dr. Al-Jazuli Daf'allah (born 1935) graduated from Khartoum University medical faculty in 1959 and was head of the Sudanese Medical Association. He was prime minister of the Sudan from April 22, 1985 to May 6, 1986. After participating in the coup that deposed President Jaafar Al-Nimeiry, he joined the military government as prime minister. He resigned the post after democratic elections were held in 1986 ...

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Omar al-Bashir

Omar Hassan Ahmad Al-Bashir (born 1 January 1944) is the President of Sudan and the head of the National Congress Party. He came to power in 1989, when he was a brigadier in the Sudanese army, he led a group of officers in a bloodless military coup that ousted the government of Prime Minister Sadiq Al-Mahdi when the country was at the risk of entering a countrywide famine ...

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System of Governance

Sudan has adopted the Presidential System where President of the Republic is directly elected from all citizens who reached the age of (17) provided that any citizen is entitled to be a candidate for the post of President of the Republic irrespective of whether he/she is a representative of a registered party or non-registered party or he/she is not a member of a party.
 
The Country has been divided into 25 states that enjoy wide-range of legislative and executive powers while the Center's role, represented by its federal ministry, is limited in planning and approving general policies. Local Governance is considered one of the governance' pillars, for each state is composed of some localities which undertake, through popular organs, mission of planning, executing and managing all educational, health, agricultural, handicraft and service activities at the level of localities.

The Legislature

Council of the General Governor for studying and approving the laws, regulations and orders issued by the General Governor, then the Advisory Council of Northern Sudan was formed in 1943 – 1948 from tribes' chiefs and religious men who were all from northe rn Sudan and chaired by the General Governor.
 
The first legislative association was formed during 1948 – 1953 of 79 members chaired by Mohamed Salih Al - Shingeti. Most important achievements of this association were training a number of Sudanese representat ives and ministers on systems of governance, parliamentary life, governance power besides approving resolution of Britain and Egypt that stated granting autonomy to Sudan . Afterward a parliament was formed of the Senate and the Parliament of 50 members he aded by Ahmed Mohamed Yasin then by Mohamed Al - Hassan Dyab. The Parliament was formed of 97 members headed by Babikir Awad Allah. Members of the Parliament were elected via direct and indirect voting. Most important achievements of this Parliament were dec laring independence from the Parliament on 19 December 1955, Sudanization and approving Agreement of the Nile's Water. Parliament of 1958 was formed of the Senate and House of Representatives where the Senate comprised 50 members while House of Representa tives comprised 172 members whom all were elected through the direct free voting. The first constituent assembly was formed in 1965 adopting the system of chamber of deputies in formation thereof.
 
Women were given the right of voting and being candidates for the first time in the epoch of the constituent assembly, so women were represented in the parliament for the first time, besides age of voters was reduced to be 18 instead of 21. The Parliament had passed along different forms until it concluded to th e current form. The current Sudanese parliament is the fourth national assembly formed under CPA signed in Naivasha on the 9 th of January 2005.

The Judiciary

In the first epoch the Judiciary was a part of the Executive Power but in the second epoch it was separated from the Executive Power although extent of its independence is always a point of controversy throughout all eras. Administration of the Government of Sudan during the colonial government was different from administrations of the other British colonies, for instead of having a senior secretary who was responsible of the whole administration before the Governor and entrusted with the import ant issues, there were three secretaries in Sudan:
the Administrative Secretary, the Financial Secretary and the Judicial Secretary. The Judicial Secretary was responsible of legislations, the judiciary, the Lands Authority and the land registry office. T hose three secretaries were undertaking their works in their area of jurisdictions as head of the directors, and the General Governor was supervising administration of the provinces by those secretaries.
 
Administration of the colonists to the Country was m erely military in all its administrative, judicial and legislative aspects and it was executed by British military officers. The General Governor was the head of the Judiciary similarly like the other administrations, so the General Governor was authorized to transfer an official from any administration to the Judiciary and the vice versa. With regard to managing colonial governance in Sudan ( 9911 – 9191 ) eight persons were rotated in the post of the General Governor, eight persons in the post of the Admini strative Secretary and seven persons in the post of Judicial Secretary.
 
The English colonists(1899 – 1956) divided the Judiciary into two sections: the Civil Section comprising civil and criminal domains which was headed by the chief justice, and the Shari a Section which was headed by the supreme judge, both are headed by the Judicial Secretary who was headed by the General Governor. Premises of the Judiciary administration was established for the first time during 1850 – 1851 namely before one hundred and fifty years in the times of the Governor Abdelatif Basha who held government of Sudan during October 1849 – December 1851. The court was in one building with Khartoum Province Department and the Governance Department. The building was made of red bricks a nd called " the Populace Court ." At that time Khartoum was like a small village limited between the Zoo east the Friendship Hall and premises of the Ministry of Health. The said premises was at that time situated in Al - Hekimdaria Quarter which was located between the General Audit Chamber and the University of Khartoum and considered as one of the most important quarters of Khartoum in which government's offices and senior.